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If you take a group of people and put them into a meeting and have them talk about something,
the opinions of the loudest person
or the most charismatic person or the most assertive person,
those are the ones that the group tends to follow.
And yet - researchers have looked at this - there's no correlation
between being that best talker and having the best ideas.
Like, zero correlation.
I think that we're living in a society
that is so overly extroverted.
As we shifted from an agricultural economy to a corporate one,
we started to admire people who could be magnetic and charismatic.
'Cause these were the qualities that seemed to matter for job interviews and things like that.
And so, in the earlier agricultural economy, our self-help books used to have titles like
"Character: The Grandest Thing In The World"
But then the self-help books later on became the ones that we kind of know of today,
like Dale Carnegie's "How To Win Friends And Influence People"
And those were all about teaching us to be more entertaining,
more dynamic and that kind of thing.
I think, for any trait of human nature, any aspect,
it has its pros and it has its cons.
And what I'm saying is that for too long, we've looked at introversion
only through its disadvantages,
and we've looked at extroversion only through its advantages.
So I'm trying to now fill in the gaps and what that can sometimes sound like is,
"Down with extroverts, up with introverts"
And my vision of the right world is a world where it's yin and yang.
There's space for extroverts and there's space for introverts - and it's equal space.
If you look at the birth of Apple, Apple computer,
we tend to associate Apple with Steve Jobs,
who is this dazzling showman.
But really, the person who invented the Apple computer was a different Steve, it was Steve Wozniak,
who's a self-identified introvert.
And he created this amazing thing by sitting by himself
in a cubicle at Hewlett-Packard, where he was working at the time.
Late at night and early in the morning, before anybody was at work,
he would work by himself for months.
And then he produced this amazing thing
that he then shared with his friend, Steve Jobs.
And then it was Steve Jobs who said, "Hey! We should start a company with this."
"This is amazing"
Without Steve Jobs, none of it ever would have come to pass.
So it was this combination of letting the solitary person
go off by himself to think in his deep way
and then having a partnership between the two.
And in fact, you know, in companies, it's been found that the most effective teams
are the ones that are a combination of introvert and extrovert.
And the two types are really drawn to each other and really need each other.
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【安靜的力量】講話大聲,不代表你比較有力 (RSA Shorts - The Power of Quiet) (RSA Shorts - The Power of Quiet)

66128 分類 收藏
Colin Lin 發佈於 2017 年 5 月 16 日    Colin Lin 翻譯    林彥君 審核

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不知道大家會不會覺得身為內向的人很吃虧呢?討論時,時常被外向者的聲音壓過,進公司面試好像也比較不利於內向者。但實際上,內向者與外向者合作才是最有效率的組合噢!來看看這部影片怎麼說吧~

1charismatic0:16
charismatic 這個形容詞的意思是「充滿個人魅力的」,前面的「c-h-a」和 character 的前面一樣,發 /kæ/ 的音。而它的名詞型態是 charisma,意思則是「吸引力、超凡氣質」。
Jake is such a charismatic and persuasive leader. That's why he can bring up such a successful and united team.
傑克是個富有個人魅力及說服力的領導者,這也是為何他能培養出如此成功且團結的團隊。

Jenny has great charisma on stage. I just couldn't take my eyes off her.
珍妮有非常強的舞台魅力,我完全無法將視線從她身上移開。


*同場加映:
Ted-Ed:從太空中追踪灰熊的動態- David Laskin (Tracking grizzly bears from space - David Laskin)


2correlation0:24
correlation 的意思是「相互關係、聯繫、相關」,這個字可以拆開解釋,字首 cor- 指的是「一起、完全」,relation 是「關係」,因此「一起的關係」也就是「相互關係」的意思囉!
Do you think there's a correlation between wealth and happiness?
你認為財富和快樂之間有沒有相關性呢?


3corporate0:39
corporate 的意思是「公司的」,它的發音是 /ˋkɔrpərɪt/。一個很容易跟 corporate 搞混的字是 cooperate,發音是 /koˋɑpə͵ret/,重音在第二個 o 的地方,意思是「合作、配合」,這兩個字之間拼法、發音跟意思都不一樣,別搞混囉!
Our company has a good corporate image. That's why people believe in our products.
我們的公司有良好的企業形象,因此人們相信我們所做出的產品。

If you don't tell me what you're going to do to me, I refuse to cooperate!
如果你不跟我說接下來要對我做什麼,我拒絕配合!


corporate 是形容詞,名詞則是 corporation,意思是「大公司、集團公司」。
I really don't like working for a large corporation. The environment doesn't suit me well.
我不太喜歡在大企業做事,工作環境跟我不太搭。


4pros and cons1:12
相信各位都很常看到這個詞,pros and cons 來自拉丁文,是 pro et contra 的縮寫,pro 指的是「贊成」,con 是「反對」,跟我們常說的 the advantagesthe disadvantages 意思一樣,但因這兩個字都很長,用 pros and cons 就可以完整的表示「正反兩面的意見、利與弊」了噢!
You need to weigh out the pros and cons before making a decision this big.
在做如此重大的決定之前,你應該先衡量一下利與弊。

You should evaluate the pros and cons before buying a house.
買房之前應先衡量正反兩面的因素。


*同場加映:
【阿滴英文】阿滴在他房間碰到的那些恐怖事件!(Ray Du English/ Terrible Terrible Stories About Ray)


5dazzling1:43
dazzling 的意思是「(光線)刺眼的、耀眼的」或是「光彩奪目的、令人眼花撩亂的」。動詞是 dazzle,「使感到目眩」或是「使傾倒、使讚嘆」的意思。
Zoe flashed a dazzling smile towards the camera and walked away.
柔伊對鏡頭燦爛一笑就掉頭離去。

I was dazzled by the spotlight and couldn't see anyone in the audience.
聚光燈刺得我完全張不開眼,也看不見觀眾席的人潮。

I was dazzled by Dan's good looks and charming personality.
丹帥氣的相貌及富有魅力的人格完全使我傾倒。


*同場加映:
迪士尼公主經典串燒14首! 14 Disney Princess Medley (Frozen, For the First Time, Let It Go & more) - ElizabethSouth


小編自己也是個偏內向的人,有時候真的覺得會因此喪失很多機會,但其實好像也沒那麼需要擔心,相信到最後每個人都會找到最適合自己的位子。

文/ Colleen Jao

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