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Hi everyone.
One of the things that I enjoy is learning new things.
How long does it take to acquire a new skill?
You know what I found?
10,000 hours?! Nooooooo!
I am never going to be able to learn anything new ever again.
But that's not true.
The 10,000 hour rule came out of studies of expert level performance.
Professional athletes, world class musicians.
The folks at the tippy top of their fields put in around 10,000 hours of practice.
But that last statement, it takes 10,000 hours to learn something?
It's not true.
This is the learning curve,
and the story of the learning curve is when you start you're grossly incompetent and you know it.
With a little bit of practice, you get really good really quick
and then at a certain point you reach a plateau
and the subsequent gains become much harder to get.
How long does it take from starting something and being grossly incompetent and knowing it
to being reasonably good? Here's what my research says:
20 hours, that's it.
You can go from knowing nothing,
if you put 20 hours of focused deliberate practice into that thing,
you will be astounded at how good you are.
20 hours is doable.
It's about 45 minutes a day for about a month.
There's a method to doing this.
The first is to deconstruct the skill.
Decide exactly what you want to be able to do
and break it down into smaller and smaller pieces.
The more you're able to decide what are the parts of this skill that
will actually help me get to what I want,
you'll be able to improve your performance in the least amount of time possible.
The second is learn enough to self-correct.
Get 3 to 5 resources about what it is you're trying to learn.
It could be books, could be courses, could be anything.
What you want to do is learn just enough that you can actually practice and self-correct.
Noticing when you're making a mistake and then doing something a little different.
The third is to remove barriers to practice- distractions, television, internet.
And the fourth is to practice for at least 20 hours.
Now, most skills have what I call a frustration barrier.
By pre-committing to practicing whatever it is that you want to do for at least 20 hours,
you will be able to overcome that initial frustration barrier
and stick with the practice long enough to actually reap the rewards.
That's it, it's not rocket science.
The major barrier to learning something new is not intellectual.
The major barrier is emotional.
Feeling stupid doesn't feel good
and the beginning of learning anything new... you feel really stupid.
But, put 20 hours into anything. Do you want to learn a language?
Do you want to learn how to cook? Do you want to learn how to draw?
Go out and do that thing.
It only takes 20 hours. Have fun.
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怎麼利用20小時學習任何東西? (Josh Kaufman | 20 Hours to Learn Anything (Key Points Talk))

206450 分類 收藏
Michael Chiu 發佈於 2017 年 6 月 29 日   Bel 翻譯   Mandy Lin 審核

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不知道有沒有 VoiceTubers 很好奇,到底學習一項新事物需要花多少時間呢?在這個 TED Talk 中,喬希.卡夫曼指出,成為一個專家需要花 10,000 小時,但是上手只需要花 20 小時!讓我們一起來聽聽他的分享學英文吧!

1put in 0:38
put in 這個用法指的是「付出(時間)、放進」。
He put in 10 hours to finish that project yesterday.
他昨天花了 10 個小時做完那份報告。


小編在這裡也幫大家整理一些 put 的常見用法:

put an end to sth.「結束、終止(某事物)」
We must put an end to all these meaningless arguments. It's getting ridiculous.
我們需要停止這些無意義的爭吵。已經開始有點可笑了。


put a spin on「扭轉(尤其指改變不利的局面)」
We can try to put a positive spin on this situation.
我們可以試著扭轉這個不利的局面。


put down「羞辱、拒絕、鎮壓」
Tommy is not a good boss. He's always putting down his employees.
湯米不是一個好老闆。他常常羞辱自己的員工。


put on an act「裝模作樣」
He's just putting on an act to make others consider him superior.
他只是在裝模作樣,讓大家覺得他好像比較優秀高尚。


2grossly0:49
grossly 這個副詞在這裡指的是「極度地、非常」。
The seriousness of the mistake has been grossly exaggerated.
這個錯誤的嚴重程度被大幅地誇大了。


gross 則是它的形容詞態,意思有「總的;顯著的;噁心的」等。
The company's gross margin has grown over the years.
公司的毛利持續的成長。

The company will dismiss employees only if they're involved in gross misconduct.
公司只會在員工犯了特別嚴重的違反紀律時開除他們。

Sandy is so gross! She wiped her snot on the chair after she sneezed.
珊蒂超噁心的!她打完噴嚏之後把鼻涕抹在椅子上。


gross somebody out 這個用法指的則是「讓...覺得噁心」。
His creepy smile and dirty behavior really gross me out.
他詭異的笑容跟骯髒的行徑讓我覺得噁心。


3barrier2:10
barrier 是「障礙物、阻礙、界線」的意思。
Construction workers put up barriers to keep unauthorized people out of the area.
工人放置柵欄來防止未被授權的人進入施工區域。

After living in the United States for five years, he finally overcame the language barrier.
住在美國五年後,他終於克服了語言上的障礙。


break down barriers 是一個常見的片語,意思是「沖破樊籬(讓不同意見的人開始溝通跟有較好的了解)」。
The CEO decided to hold a meeting between the two departments to break down barriers and solve the conflict.
執行長決定招開兩個部門間的共同會議來沖破樊籬、解決紛爭。


*同場加映:
想瘦身?運動跟節食哪個比較有效? (Exercise vs Diet)


4reap2:32
reap 是「收穫、獲得」的意思。
Although this job is tiring, I am starting to reap the benefits from doing difficult tasks.
雖然這個工作很累,但是我開始從困難的工作中獲得好處。


sow the wind and reap the whirlwind 這個片語是「惡有惡報、後果不堪設想」的意思。
Tom's attempt to push the product without thorough market research would only result in sowing the wind and reaping the whirlwind.
湯姆急著在做完整行銷研究前推出產品只會有不堪設想的後果。


5rocket science2:35
rocket science 在這邊可不是直翻的「火箭科學」的意思噢!rocket science 是指「艱深的學問、複雜傷神的工作」。我們較常在日常生活中看到否定的用法 - It's not rocket science.
The operation of this machine is very simple. It's not rocket science.
這個機器操作非常簡單,不是什麼高難的技術。

This is not rocket science, but you still have to pay attention to get hold of it.
這不是什麼艱深的學問,但你還是需要專心才能了解。


*同場加映:
【TED】世界上正在消失的部落的絕美肖像 (Jimmy Nelson: Gorgeous portraits of the world's vanishing people)


看完今天的主編,有沒有更有信心學新的事物了呢?小編其實覺得學習新事物最重要的還是持之以恆跟保持興趣,才可以學得開心又長久。試著投入 20 個小時,學習一項自己想學的才藝吧!

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