中級 美國腔 43354 分類 收藏
In May 2016, the United Nations released its annual World Happiness Report, which ranks
more than 150 countries according to their quality of life. Perhaps surprisingly, the
tiny nordic country of Iceland ranked higher than nearly every nation on this list, despite
its isolation, extreme weather and long, dark winters. So, what is life like in Iceland,
and why are the Icelandic people so happy?
Well, in just about every sense, Iceland is small. At just under 40 thousand square miles,
the entire country could fit inside the US state of Kentucky. Iceland's population
of over 300 thousand is extremely homogeneous, with nearly 95 percent ethnic Icelandic. About
two thirds of its people live in or around the capital, Reykjavik, which ranks as one
of the safest, cleanest, and most eco-friendly cities in the world.
And Reykjavik is not too different from the rest of Iceland, as the country runs almost
completely on renewable, geothermal energy, and boasts extremely low crime rates. In fact,
it has one of the lowest per-capita murder rates in the world, with one for every 100
thousand people. As a result, police and security have little presence, and even the country's
larger cities function more like small towns. Icelandic people have high levels of collective
trust, and, as such, are known to keep valuables in plain sight and send their young children
to school by themselves.
This cooperative mentality is reinforced by Iceland's government infrastructure. The
country is a parliamentary republic, and maintains a generous social welfare system that provides
free education through college, as well as health care and nine months of paid parental
leave for both mothers and fathers. As a result, most Icelanders are healthy, well-educated
and employed. The unemployment rate is just five percent, and the average citizen lives
about 83 years, which is 12 years longer than the global average. This can also be attributed
to Icelanders' healthy lifestyles. A typical Icelandic meal is a smörgåsbord of organic
produce, yogurt and local fish, and the most popular leisure activities are ice climbing,
kayaking and going to the gym.
Another national pastime is reading and writing. Iceland publishes more books per capita and
translates more international literature than any other nation in the world. And, studies
show that roughly one in ten Icelanders will publish a book in their lifetime.
But perhaps the best symbol of Iceland's ubiquitous health, happiness and unity, are
its huge heated public pools, also called sundlaugar. These pools are widely regarded
as a kind of civil right, and families, teenagers and seniors are known to lounge in them in
near nudity every day. Sundlaugar are not only lauded for their health benefits, but
also their ability to unite the community and build public trust.
Experts say Iceland's strong sense of community has solidified its so-called "happiness
maintenance," which is a consistently high happiness rate even when the country is in
crisis. For example, after the 2007 global recession decimated the country's economy,
some Icelanders actually reported greater happiness. Experts say this is because those
who lost their jobs tended not to feel isolated, as Icelanders can count on their friends,
family and government for support. With a healthy, educated populace and a strong safety
net, life in Iceland doesn't look too bad.
Iceland isn't the only happy-go-lucky Nordic country, the rest of them are pretty
well off with a high standard of living. But are they powerful politically or economically?
Find out by watching this video!
But unlike similarly large nations,
the nordic countries have some of the lowest population density in the world with only 26 million total residence.
This is mostly because half of their land is uninhabited Arctic thanks to Greenland.



冰島上的生活,是什麼樣子呢? (What Is Life Really Like In Iceland?)

43354 分類 收藏
BH 發佈於 2018 年 3 月 11 日    歆茹 翻譯    Kiara 審核



1parental leave1:32
parental leave 是「育嬰假」的意思,在外國無論父母都可以申請 parental leave,結合了台灣的產假與陪產假,幫大家補充其他常見請假:annual leave 年假、sick leave 病假、personal leave 事假。
Many employers provide parental leave for their employees, and adoption should qualify parents for this benefit.

2per capita2:02
per capita 的意思為「人均」,是從拉丁文來的片語,含義相近於 per person,常見用法像是  per capita income 即為人均收入。
Compared with developed countries, China still has a very low per capita national income.

nordic 作為形容詞指「北歐的」,若是大寫 Nordic 則是「北歐人」的意思,影片中提到的 Nordic Countries 包含了丹麥、挪威、瑞典、芬蘭、冰島以及其他北歐島嶼。
Nordic skiing includes cross country racing, ski jumping and the Nordic Combined.

四分鐘帶你揭開聖誕老公公身世小故事! (A Brief History of Santa)

homogeneous 在影片中為「同質」,不過另一意思為「均勻」,可用來形容均勻溶解的液體,而 homo 這個字根表示「相同」,常見字例如 homosexual 同性戀。
It was a homogeneous crowd of teenage girls, all wearing jeans and sweaters.

TED-Ed:汽車的化學原理 (Under the hood: The chemistry of cars - Cynthia Chubbuck)

happy-go-lucky 的意思為「無憂無慮」,看字面就能知道「開心」的含義,形容一個人無論發生任何事都樂觀正向,就算衰事降臨也能泰然面對。
The pianist just broke her arms but maintains a  happy-go-lucky attitude nonetheless.

看完影片有沒有對冰島人的生活更了解呢?有朝一日小編也要體驗看看 Sundlaugar!

文/ Carol Chen




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