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Having a gut feeling isn't just folklore
You're literally feeling things from your gut and also other organs
Yeah it's pretty nifty
Hey everyone. Amy with you on DNews today
and I've got a feeling you're gonna like this episode and odds are my gut is right on that
So let's start with the gut part of the whole gut feeling thing
It's kinda gross to think about but our bodies are teeming with bacteria
This is the microbiome you've probably heard about
Most of those bacteria live in the gastrointestinal tract
but we colloquially refer to as the gut
These bacteria regulate digestion and metabolism, extract vitamins and nutrients from food, and program the body's immune system
But there's so much more going on
This complex bacterial ecosystem has prompted the gut to evolve a complex neural network called the enteric nervous system
which is so ridiculously sophisticated it's sometimes called the second brain
This network of over 100 million neurons can even function when it loses connection to the brain
And the gut brain connection goes both ways
Gut bacteria produce neurochemicals that regulate basic physiological and mental processes
influencing things like memory and mood
and the brain affects the microbiome
Psychological stress can suppress certain helpful bacteria, making you more likely to get sick
This two-way communication is part of a larger network of inter-body talk
The brain connecting to the gut through neural networks and also your ability to recognize this connection is an example of something called interoception
This is a sense of self-identity beyond knowing what self-help books call the "real you"
It's the sensing of physiological signals that originate within the body and carry information to the brain
Things like body temperature, breathlessness, and heart rate that ultimately give you an indication of states like hunger, thirst, pain, and anxiety
Whether we're consciously aware that our body is sending these signals
they happen particularly when we're making risky decisions
They send information to the brain and affect the way we make decisions
so what you think of as a gut feeling is actually you responding to those subtle cues
A recent study from the University of Cambridge took interoception into the real world and looked at its role in successful financial trading
a career notorious for acting on gut instincts
The researchers measured 18 male traders' abilities to detect subtle changes in their physiological state by heartbeat detection test
how well they could count their own resting heart rate without using a pulse point
Admittedly this is a small sample size but these eighteen men were better able to count their heart rate than non-traders
and within the group, those with the higher score were also better traders who survived longer in the financial world, earning more money than their less body-aware peers
So in this case, interoceptive ability does correlate to good decisions in a risky environment but correlation isn't causation
Just because you can pretty accurately measure your heart rate doesn't mean you will make millions trading
Other interoceptive studies have found people's ability to detect their heart rate increases during time of stress
so the correlation from traders could just be an awareness honed from years in the industry
But it's also the case that professionals who practice in the field can manage their stress better
So traders might not be experiencing the stress reaction of an increased heart rate or it could be something totally different
Maybe successful traders of money use their downtime to work out which could help them develop keener sense of body awareness
In any case, the results do show a link between better body awareness to interoceptive cues and good decisions in risky environments
So maybe there's something to be said for trusting your gut
And speaking of guts, our guts do a lot more for us than we think
Wanna know more? Trace has a video all about how scientists can actually program our gut bacteria to fight harmful infections
Check it out here
Medical researchers took it and reprogrammed the bacteria to fight P. aeruginosa
This new synthetic E.coli is like a hunting dog tracking down P. aeruginosa and attacking its biofilms with enzymes in antimicrobial peptide. Boom! Double agent
So how many of you guys tend to go through gut? Let us know in the comments below
Don't forget to like this video and subscribe so you never miss an episode of DNews
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「直覺」真的存在嗎?(Do Gut Feelings Actually Exist?)

50094 分類 收藏
Chloe Tyan 發佈於 2016 年 12 月 15 日    Chloe Tyan 翻譯    Sabrina Hsu 審核

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直覺的英文是 gut feeling 或 intuition 是種不必經過太多思考就能迅速出現的念頭或感覺。賈伯斯說過:"Intuition is a very powerful thing, more powerful than intellect.”(直覺非常強大,比智力更加強大)。但直覺到底有多可信?其實直覺是有科學根據的喔!來看看影片吧~

1nifty0:07
nifty 是屬於較口語的形容詞,意思是「特別地好、靈巧或有效」,也有「有型、時尚」的意思。
This is a nifty little tool for cutting up fruit.
這是切水果用的一個設計靈巧的小工具。

I got a nifty pair of heels on sale today.
我今天買了打折的一雙很有型的高跟鞋。


*同場加映:
【TED】當電腦比人類聰明時會發生什麼? Nick Bostrom: What happens when our computers get smarter than we are?


2have / get a / the feeling (that)0:15
我們時常會聽到英文母語人士說 "I have a feeling that…" 這個意思就是他「知道或感覺到一件事但不確定」。
Walking along the corridor in the old house, he had a feeling someone was watching him.
他走在老屋子的走廊上,感覺到似乎有人在看著他。

I have a feeling it's going to rain later.
我有預感等一下會下雨。


have a good/bad feeling about sth. 的意思就是「對某件事有好/不好的預感」。
I don't have a good feeling about this...I think our plan's gonna fail.
我對這件事有不好的預感耶...我覺得我們的計劃會失敗。


*同場加映:
【TED】Salman Khan:影片能改變教育 Salman Khan: Let's use video to reinvent education


3notorious2:05
notorious 的意思是「惡名昭彰的」。用法是 sb. is notorious for sth.
The fast food industry is notorious for its high fat and sodium content.
速食因其高脂肪、高鈉含量而惡名昭彰。

The Zodiac Killer is one of the most notorious serial killers in history.
黃道帶殺人魔是歷史上非常惡名昭彰的連續殺人魔。


infamous 是它的同義詞,意思也是「惡名昭著的」。
The infamous Mexican drug lord, El Chapo, is considered to be the most powerful drug trafficker in the world.
惡名昭彰的墨西哥毒梟矮子古茲曼被認為是世界上最強大的毒販。


4hone2:51
hone 的意思是「磨練;鍛鍊」。
Lucy honed her craft as a shoemaker while working for numerous designers all over the world.
露西透過幫世界各地的設計師製鞋來磨練她的製鞋技巧。

This course is designed to hone students’ creative writing skills.
這門課是專為磨練學生的創意寫作技巧而設計的。


5there's something to be said for sth.3:17
there's something to be said for sth. 這句話的意思是「(名詞)有好處、是有利的」。也可以說 there's a lot to be said for sth.there's much to be said for sth. ,而相反的則可以說 there's little to be said for sth.
There's a lot to be said for being single. I get to do whatever I want.
單身其實有很多好處。我可以做任何想做的事。

It's obvious to many that there's little to be said for war, yet not much has been done to turn it to a thing of the past.
對許多人而言,戰爭很顯然地帶來的好處不多,但至今世界上仍未出現多大的努力讓戰爭成為歷史。


*同場加映:
認識非洲:剛果M23叛軍紀錄片 (Kony, M23, and the Real Rebels of Congo)


你的腦袋裡是否有個小小的聲音總是適時警告你「不要太信任這個人」、「今晚不要走這條巷子」或是「買股票前請三思」呢?我們生活在一個非常相信科學與理性的時代,讓我們以為直覺這種東西太玄了,不用太相信它。但發現直覺其實有科學根據之後,你是否以後就會多多傾聽腦袋裡那小小的聲音了呢?

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