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When people find out I write about time management,
they assume two things.
One is that I'm always on time,
and I'm not.
I have four small children,
and I would like to blame them for my occasional tardiness,
but sometimes it's just not their fault.
I was once late to my own speech on time management.
(Laughter)
We all had to just take a moment together and savor that irony.
The second thing they assume is that I have lots of tips and tricks
for saving bits of time here and there.
Sometimes I'll hear from magazines that are doing a story along these lines,
generally on how to help their readers find an extra hour in the day.
And the idea is that we'll shave bits of time off everyday activities,
add it up,
and we'll have time for the good stuff.
I question the entire premise of this piece, but I'm always interested
in hearing what they've come up with before they call me.
Some of my favorites:
Doing errands in a way where you only have to make right-hand turns --
Being extremely judicious in microwave usage:
it says three to three-and-a-half minutes on the package,
we're totally getting in on the bottom side of that.
And my personal favorite, which makes sense on some level,
is to DVR your favorite shows so you can fast-forward through the commercials.
That way, you save eight minutes every half hour,
so in the course of two hours of watching TV, you find 32 minutes to exercise.
Which is true.
You know another way to find 32 minutes to exercise?
Don't watch two hours of TV a day, right?
(Laughter)
Anyway, the idea is we'll save bits of time here and there, add it up,
we will finally get to everything we want to do.
But after studying how successful people spend their time
and looking at their schedules hour by hour,
I think this idea has it completely backward.
We don't build the lives we want by saving time.
We build the lives we want,
and then time saves itself.
Here's what I mean.
I recently did a time diary project
looking at 1,001 days in the lives of extremely busy women.
They had demanding jobs, sometimes their own businesses,
kids to care for, maybe parents to care for,
community commitments --
busy, busy people.
I had them keep track of their time for a week
so I could add up how much they worked and slept,
and I interviewed them about their strategies, for my book.
One of the women whose time log I studied
goes out on a Wednesday night for something.
She comes home to find that her water heater has broken,
and there is now water all over her basement.
If you've ever had anything like this happen to you,
you know it is a hugely damaging, frightening, sopping mess.
So she's dealing with the immediate aftermath that night,
next day she's got plumbers coming in,
day after that, professional cleaning crew dealing with the ruined carpet.
All this is being recorded on her time log.
Winds up taking seven hours of her week.
Seven hours.
That's like finding an extra hour in the day.
But I'm sure if you had asked her at the start of the week,
"Could you find seven hours to train for a triathlon?"
"Could you find seven hours to mentor seven worthy people?"
I'm sure she would've said what most of us would've said,
which is, "No -- can't you see how busy I am?"
Yet when she had to find seven hours
because there is water all over her basement,
she found seven hours.
And what this shows us is that time is highly elastic.
We cannot make more time,
but time will stretch to accommodate what we choose to put into it.
And so the key to time management
is treating our priorities
as the equivalent of that broken water heater.
To get at this,
I like to use language from one of the busiest people I ever interviewed.
By busy, I mean she was running a small business
with 12 people on the payroll,
she had six children in her spare time.
I was getting in touch with her to set up an interview
on how she "had it all" -- that phrase.
I remember it was a Thursday morning,
and she was not available to speak with me. Of course, right?
But the reason she was unavailable to speak with me
is that she was out for a hike,
because it was a beautiful spring morning,
and she wanted to go for a hike.
So of course this makes me even more intrigued,
and when I finally do catch up with her, she explains it like this.
She says, "Listen Laura, everything I do,
every minute I spend, is my choice."
And rather than say,
"I don't have time to do x, y or z,"
she'd say, "I don't do x, y or z because it's not a priority."
"I don't have time," often means "It's not a priority."
If you think about it, that's really more accurate language.
I could tell you I don't have time to dust my blinds,
but that's not true.
If you offered to pay me $100,000 to dust my blinds,
I would get to it pretty quickly.
Since that is not going to happen,
I can acknowledge this is not a matter of lacking time, it's that I don't want to do it.
Using this language reminds us that time is a choice.
And granted,
there may be horrible consequences for making different choices,
I will give you that.
But we are smart people,
and certainly over the long run,
we have the power to fill our lives
with the things that deserve to be there.
So how do we do that?
How do we treat our priorities
as the equivalent of that broken water heater?
Well, first we need to figure out what they are.
I want to give you two strategies for thinking about this.
The first, on the professional side:
I'm sure many people coming up to the end of the year are giving or getting annual performance reviews.
You look back over your successes over the year,
your "opportunities for growth."
And this serves its purpose,
but I find it's more effective to do this looking forward.
So I want you to pretend it's the end of next year.
You're giving yourself a performance review,
and it has been an absolutely amazing year for you professionally.
What three to five things did you do that made it so amazing?
So you can write next year's performance review now.
And you can do this for your personal life, too.
I'm sure many of you, like me, come December,
get cards that contain these folded up sheets of colored paper,
on which is written what is known as the family-holiday letter.
Bit of a wretched genre of literature, really,
going on about how amazing everyone in the household is,
or even more scintillating,
how busy everyone in the household is.
But these letters serve a purpose,
which is that they tell your friends and family
what you did in your personal life that mattered to you over the past year.
So this year's kind of done, but I want you to pretend it's the end of next year,
and it has been an absolutely amazing year for you and the people you care about.
What three to five things did you do that made it so amazing?
So you can write next year's family holiday letter now.
Don't send it.
(Laughter)
Please, don't send it.
But you can write it.
And now, between the performance review and the family holiday letter,
we have a list of six to ten goals we can work on in the next year.
And now we need to break these down into doable steps.
So maybe you want to write a family history.
First, you can read some other family histories,
get a sense for the style.
Then maybe think about the questions you want to ask your relatives,
set up appointments to interview them.
Or maybe you want to run a 5K.
So you need to find a race and sign up, figure out a training plan, and dig those shoes out of the back of the closet.
And then -- this is key --
we treat our priorities as the equivalent of that broken water heater,
by putting them into our schedules first.
We do this by thinking through our weeks before we are in them.
I find a really good time to do this is Friday afternoons.
Friday afternoon is what an economist might call
a "low opportunity cost" time.
Most of us are not sitting there on Friday afternoons saying,
"I am excited to make progress toward my personal and professional priorities right now."
(Laughter)
But we are willing to think about what those should be.
So take a little bit of time Friday afternoon,
make yourself a three-category priority list: career, relationships, self.
Making a three-category list reminds us that there should be something in all three categories.
Career, we think about;
relationships, self -- not so much.
But anyway, just a short list,
two to three items in each.
Then look out over the whole of the next week,
and see where you can plan them in.
Where you plan them in is up to you.
I know this is going to be more complicated for some people than others.
I mean, some people's lives are just harder than others.
It is not going to be easy to find time to take that poetry class
if you are caring for multiple children on your own.
I get that.
And I don't want to minimize anyone's struggle.
But I do think that the numbers I am about to tell you are empowering.
There are 168 hours in a week.
Twenty-four times seven is 168 hours.
That is a lot of time.
If you are working a full-time job, so 40 hours a week,
sleeping eight hours a night, so 56 hours a week --
that leaves 72 hours for other things.
That is a lot of time.
You say you're working 50 hours a week,
maybe a main job and a side hustle.
Well, that leaves 62 hours for other things.
You say you're working 60 hours.
Well, that leaves 52 hours for other things.
You say you're working more than 60 hours.
Well, are you sure?
(Laughter)
There was once a study comparing people's estimated work weeks with time diaries
They found that people claiming 75-plus-hour work weeks were off by about 25 hours.
(Laughter)
You can guess in which direction, right?
Anyway, in 168 hours a week,
I think we can find time for what matters to you.
If you want to spend more time with your kids,
you want to study more for a test you're taking,
you want to exercise for three hours and volunteer for two,
you can.
And that's even if you're working way more than full-time hours.
So we have plenty of time, which is great,
because guess what?
We don't even need that much time to do amazing things.
But when most of us have bits of time, what do we do?
Pull out the phone, right?
Start deleting emails.
Otherwise, we're puttering around the house
or watching TV.
But small moments can have great power.
You can use your bits of time
for bits of joy.
Maybe it's choosing to read something wonderful on the bus on the way to work
I know when I had a job that required two bus rides
and a subway ride every morning,
I used to go to the library on weekends to get stuff to read.
It made the whole experience almost, almost, enjoyable.
Breaks at work can be used for meditating or praying.
If family dinner is out because of your crazy work schedule,
maybe family breakfast could be a good substitute.
It's about looking at the whole of one's time
and seeing where the good stuff can go.
I truly believe this.
There is time.
Even if we are busy,
we have time for what matters.
And when we focus on what matters,
we can build the lives we want
in the time we've got.
Thank you.
(Applause)
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如何管理你的時間 (How to gain control of your free time | Laura Vanderkam)

111582 分類 收藏
Roddick 發佈於 2017 年 5 月 10 日   emily 翻譯   Mii Wei 審核

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「時間管理」真的好難!一天只有24小時,光是睡覺吃東西就可以花上20小時了(?
到底我們要怎麼樣才能擠出時間上班、睡覺、看韓劇、吃東西、約會、逛街呢?
或許,在今天的影片中,你可以找到解答哦!

1assume 0:16
assume 的意思就是「假設、臆測」。
People sometimes assume that law students are ought to be lawyers in the future.
人們有時會假設法律系學生一定是未來的律師。


我們來看一個跟 assume 很像的字—— presume。它們兩個是可以通用的字,只不過 presume 是比較有根據的「推測」。所以在程度上,presume 是比 assume 更強而有力的哦!
It is presumed that the storm will bring massive rainfall.
我們可以推測這場風暴即將帶來超量的降雨量。


除此之外,我們也可以說 suppose 或是 dare say,不過這兩者都是非常口語化的英文哦!
I suppose she isn't interested in this.
我猜她對這沒興趣吧。

I dare say he'd get together with Melissa right after he breaks up with you.
我敢說他一定會在跟妳分手後馬上跟 Melissa 在一起。


*同場加映:
What I Learned in 1,298 Days Working Under Hillary Clinton: Alec Ross at TEDxMidAtlantic


2on time 0:21
on time 相信大家都知道它是「準時」的意思。今天我們就來看看還有什麼字可以代替 on time 吧!

punctual 是形容詞,有「守時的」的意思;副詞則為 punctually。如果面試的時候,你自認為是個守時的人,你也可以以 punctual 列為自己的優點之一哦!
I'm a person who always arrive at work punctually.
我是個上班總是準時的人。


還有一個較口語化的字—— prompt。它有「即時的、守時的」意思,副詞形式 promptly 也可以用來形容「反應地很即時」!
They are always prompt when it comes to attending classes.
只要是上課,他們都會守時。


還有一個類似 on time 的片語—— in time。它也有「守時」的意思,不過 in time 比較類似「在截止時間前做完某件事」、「趕上」截止日等等。話不多說我們直接來看看例句:
We made it in time for dinner.
我們趕在晚餐前到達了。

He rushed into the classroom and made it in time for the presentation.
他剛好在報告前趕進教室。


*同場加映:
Self Control: Dan Ariely at TEDxDuke


3tardiness 0:28
我們再來看到一個跟上面的單字相反的詞彙—— tardiness。它的意思就是「延遲」,同義字還有 latenessdelay
Pardon me for my tardiness, I was stuck in traffic.
抱歉我遲到了,我剛剛遇到塞車。

We could tell that he's not a very responsible person from his repeated lateness to meetings.
從他開會常常遲到的習慣,我們可以看出他不是個負責任的人。

The flight was delayed due to heavy snow in Frankfurt.
班機因為法蘭克福的大雪而延誤了。


*同場加映:
Carmilla | Episode 7 | Based on the J. Sheridan Le Fanu Novella


4savor 0:38
savor 的意思就是「品嚐、感受」,後面通常接上抽象的事物,例如影片中的 "savor that irony" 意思是「感受一下那種諷刺」。我們可以說 savor the memories (品嚐回憶)、savor the satisfaction (沉浸在滿足感當中)、savor the moment (享受當下)等等。

savor 當作名詞時,則有「香味」的意思。英式拼法為 savour
Now she savors the victory over what she fought for for a long time.
現在她享受著長期抗戰後所贏得的勝利。


*同場加映:
What Are Your Valentine's Day Plans? Maverick Has You Covered This Week


看完影片,有沒有豁然開朗了呢?我們應該以向前看的方式,計劃下一週的目標,把想要達成的成就列出來,這樣才能讓自己空出時間來一一達成哦!
小編在這裡也極力建議大家可以把「每天看VoiceTube學英文」列入每週必做事項嘿嘿!這樣既能放鬆又能學英文,實在是最棒的選擇啦!

文/ Mii Wei

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