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I'm gonna read you a list of 15 words, and after I'm done reading them,
I want you to write down as many as you can remember.
Ready to listen?
Okay.
Sour.
Nice.
Candy.
Honey.
Sugar.
Soda.
Bitter.
Chocolate.
Good.
Heart.
Taste.
Cake.
Tooth.
Tart.
Pie.
Okay. Now pause this video and write down as many as you can without cheating.
Even when you hit the point of getting stumped, close your eyes and think, and you'll likely recall a few more.
Ready to reveal?
Now, some of you likely got the last few words I said,
like tooth, tart, and pie.
But did you remember the word "sweet"?
Be honest. Because surprisingly,
the majority of people are actually likely to write down the word sweet even though it was not on the list at all.
And this is what we call a false memory.
It's a psychological phenomenon where a person remembers something that didn't occur.
Like how many people vividly remember the Monopoly man having a monocle?
He never has.
Or recall hearing the phrase "Luke, I am your father" when he only says "No, I am your father".
Or the evil witch saying "Mirror mirror on the wall" when she says "Magic mirror on the wall".
Memories are first formed in the hippocampus of the brain,
one of the only areas where brand new neurons are made regularly.
This information is saved by altering neurons and creating synapses and connections.
But it's often only focusing on the major details of your experience.
So you might remember the time, place, and person, but not necessarily the color of their hat.
However, your memories aren't perfect.
If you're introduced to new information between the time of you experiencing something, and when you try to recall it,
for example, if somebody else gives you a slightly different account of how things were,
it can alter or even completely replace your memory.
And eventually these new memories gradually migrate further into the cortex becoming your truth.
And each time you think about or misremember an event, the further you cement this new truth.
This simple effect can have pretty incredible consequences.
Like eye witnesses for crimes or accidents recalling false details.
In fact, one study found that if they showed people a car accident and then ask two groups
either:
how fast were the cars going when they "bumped" into each other,
or
how fast were the cars going when they "smashed" into each other.
Those who heard the word "smashed", were more likely to report higher speeds.
This same verb also made them more likely to report that they saw broken glass in the accident even when there was none.
In a similar study, a car was shown going through a stop sign, causing an accident.
But if a question was asked suggesting it was a yield sign,
many witnesses would confirm that it was a yield sign.
This is why eye witness accounts are less often used as evidence now unless they're corroborated and verified.
Finally, some studies have been able to successfully implant false childhood memories into test subjects.
Researchers would give the subjects four short narratives describing childhood events that happened to them,
but without the subjects knowing one false memory was included about being lost in a shopping mall as a kid.
And yet, 25% of the test subjects reported remembering the false event.
Think your memory is better?
How did this video even start?
I mean, other than our logo which plays at the beginning of every video we make,
can you remember what happened after that?
Except,
we didn't play the logo at the beginning of this video.
And if you thought we did, I just gave you a false memory.
Be sure to check out our newest videos by clicking the screen or using the links in the description,
and subscribe for more weekly science videos every Thursday.
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這些單字,你能記得幾個呢? (Can You Remember This?)

42312 分類 收藏
Colleen Jao 發佈於 2017 年 7 月 10 日   Colleen Jao 翻譯   謝致有 審核

影片簡介

人類的記憶是個非常神奇的東西,小編看完這部影片後才意識到記憶有多麽不可靠,也許很多我們深信不疑的事物根本不存在,或是從來沒發生過。在國外,最近很流行探討「曼德拉效應」,曼德拉效應基本上是一群人對某事有一個共同記憶,卻發現現實中那個記憶從來沒發生過,或是變成另一個樣貌。有人說是因為平行宇宙的歷史滲透進來了,或是有人回到過去竄改了歷史,但也有可能只是我們單純的,都記錯了而已。來看看這部影片怎麼說吧!

1stumped0:28
stump 當名詞時意思為「樹墩、樹樁」,我們通常會說 tree stump。而像在這部影片中當動詞的時候,sb. be stumped 的意思即是「使某人語塞、被難倒」。
Scientists are completely stumped by this mysterious force. Who else could have moved this enormous boulder except from aliens?
科學家完全被這股奇怪的力量給難倒了。除了外星人之外,還有誰有辦法移動這麼巨大的石頭呢?

A: How do you think the hamster could have escaped from his cage?
B: I don't know. I'm totally stumped.
A: 你覺得這隻倉鼠是怎麼逃出牠的籠子的?
B: 不知道耶,完全百思不得其解。


*同場加映:
【MarieTV】效率總是低落?四分鐘小技巧還你工作效率 (The 4-Minute Trick For Massive Productivity)


2vivid0:56
vivid 的意思是「栩栩如生的、鮮活的、生動的」,除此之外也可以用來形容「顏色鮮豔、明亮」。
My daughter has a really vivid imagination. Every little sound in the middle of the night sounds like someone breaking in the house to her.
我的女兒有非常豐富的想像力,夜晚的每一個聲音對她來說都像有人在闖空門。

Wow! That's a really vivid yellow t-shirt you're wearing!
哇,你身上那件黃衣服顏色很亮耶!


*同場加映:
【新奇產品】雨中驚喜!讓你愛上「下雨天」的奈米防水噴霧 (Rainworks - Rain-Activated Art)


3cement1:53
這個字的發音為 /sɪˋmɛnt/,當名詞時意思為「水泥」,但在這部影片中它是動詞,因此意思變為「加強、鞏固」。
You need to use cement to glue together the brick wall.
你需要用水泥才能把磚牆黏起來。

That horrifying experience of being stuck in the basement during a tornado cemented their friendship.
在龍捲風襲擊時被困在地下室的恐怖經驗鞏固了他們的友情。


4consequence1:57
consequence 的意思是「結果、後果」,通常都是指不好的、不利的結果。像是中文裡我們也會說做事情之前要考慮到他的結果,這時候就可以用 consequence 這個字噢!
You never think about the consequences before you go out and get into trouble! Please learn to take responsibility of your own actions!
你做這些壞事之前總是沒想到會有什麼後果!請學習為自己的行為負責任好嗎!



5implant2:42
implant 這個字可以當動詞也可以當名詞,當名詞時是「(東西)植入」的意思,大家最常看到的應該是 breast implants,指「隆乳」。當動詞時意思則是「移植、灌輸」,不會是實體的物品還是想法、看法都可以用這個動詞噢!
Jenny's going to go get breast implants tomorrow. I'm really excited to see the results!
珍妮明天要去隆乳,我好期待看到成果噢!

I really don't think you should let your child hang out with David. He tends to implant really weird ideas in peoples' minds.
我覺得你不該讓你的孩子跟大衛混在一起,他常常會灌輸一些奇怪的觀念給別人。


不論你相信哪一種說法,不可否認地,記憶都是一種很奇妙的東西。大家對於曼德拉效應有什麼樣的看法呢?小編真的是困惑已久,雖然不想相信沒有科學證明的東西,但也不願意相信自己的記憶這麼容易被改變 >_< 誰來救救我哇~~

文/ Colleen Jao

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