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Hey there and welcome to Life Noggin.
The human brain is an incredibly complex organ, it makes you who you are!
But sometimes, according to psychologists, your brain can take that sense of self -- your
personality -- into pieces -- making you seem like you're more than one person.
This is called Dissociative Identity Disorder, it used to be called Multiple Personality
Disorder, but not anymore.
Two out of every 100 people experience a feeling of having more than one personality, at least
once in their lives; usually it's not serious.
Very few people show up into at psychologist's offices because multiple personalities (called
alters) are causing problems.
To get this disorder you'd have to have "two or more" identities that can take control
of your behavior, and they have to have different memories and feelings of self.
There are only a few people who've actually been documented with this psychological condition,
but you've probably heard of it thanks to movies and television!
In the movies, character's multiple personalities can talk to each other, but in real life,
only the single personality can talk.
Think of D.I.D. as multiple people trying to share one single phone.
Only one can talk at a time, and when one has the phone, the others can't hear anything.
This is why psychologists often find people with D.I.D. have gaps in their memory, when
the alters are in charge of the body, they don't remember anything!
No one really knows exactly why someone's personality would fragment like this.
But it's a hot debate in the mental health field!
The manual for psychologists, called the DSM, says it could be caused by trauma during childhood,
but some psychiatrists think D.I.D. doesn't exist at all.
Instead, they think it's a product of the stories we read and see.
In the 1950s, a best-selling book had a character with multiple personalities, and psychologists
saw many patients believing they had them too.
It happens again and again, with the last personality fad popping up in the 1990s as
Hollywood released dozens of movies with dissociative identities in them.
On the other hand, studies have scanned the brains of patients, and measured their skin's
ability to conduct electricity -- and found they might change depending on the alter in
control.
So, the jury is still out.
The reason psychologists call them alters and not personalities, is because the patients
don't really have two or three or five separate personalities inside one head, instead
it's a single personality broken into pieces, like fragments of a dish that's been broken.
Each alter has a part of the single personality.
Meaning each alter might have a different mood, age, level of education, name or even
gender. The alters are having trouble working together to make a whole person, but each alone has their own experiences, memories, and mannerisms.
Picture a man named Jared who has Dissociative Identity Disorder.
Jared could have one alter that is a woman who needs glasses, a second who is an old
British man, and a third who is a toddler that cries all the time!
Jared might experience all these fragments in his head at the same time, or not, he could
hear their voices or not, he might even have amnesia if one of the other alters took over!
Unfortunately for patients with D.I.D., just like a broken bowl, there's always one big
piece.
The biggest personality, the main person, would probably feel very depressed and sad,
would have memory loss from when the fragments took over, and could carry a lot of guilt
and stress because of it.
In the end, psychologists will keep an eye out for patients who have more than one personality
(one woman claimed to have 162), but for most of us, we'll have to be satisfied with the
one we've got.
This video was written by our good friend Trace Dominguez.
He just made a series on Fake News, which you should totally check out.
As always, I'm Blocko and this has been Life Noggin.
Don't forget to keep on thinking!
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一個人可以擁有好幾種人格嗎? (Can You Have More Than One Personality?)

15706 分類 收藏
籃嘉琪 發佈於 2018 年 5 月 16 日   李依庭 翻譯   Evangeline 審核

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有很多電影以人格分裂為主題,帶觀眾一窺解離性障礙人格的世界,雖然通常會把人格分裂誇張化,變成嚇人的恐怖片啦!(小 V 超怕) 今天的影片以理性又好懂的方式,解釋人格分裂是怎麼形成的,以及一個人有沒有可能擁有好幾種人格。好奇這個領域的觀眾們快一起來看看吧!

1dissociative       0:16
dissociative 是形容詞「分離的;分裂的」,常見用法就是用在心裡學,也就是影片中的 Dissociative Identity Disorder 「解離性身份障礙」。但是這個字除了在心理學裡的專有名詞外較少使用,它的動詞 disassociate 是「使分開、使脫離」之意,後面會搭配介系詞 with。
The President tried to disassociate himself from the lawyer when the public discovered his shady business dealings.
當大眾發現這起骯髒事業之後,總統試圖和他的律師劃清界線。


*同場加映:
為什麼有人喜歡在網路上引戰? (The Psychology of Trolling)


2amnesia 2:48
amnesia 為「健忘症、失憶症」之意,為不可數名詞。
Nemo: Would you tell your boss that I stopped by, please?
Dory: Yeah, okay, but wait, I have to write it down because my amnesia is getting more serious these days.
尼莫:能請妳幫我和妳老闆說一下我來過嗎?
多莉:好喔,可以,等我一下,我要寫下來,最近我的健忘症越來越嚴重了。


*同場加映:
到暑 5 秒 Target 整人推銷計劃 5 Seconds of Summer - Target Prank


3in charge of       1:12
in charge of something/someone 是「負責某事;負責照顧某人」之意,或是不加 of 的 in charge 就是「負責管理」的意思。
Difficult customer: How dare you treat your customers like this? Who's in charge here?
奧客:你竟敢對客人這種態度,叫你們負責人出來!
Linda is in charge of organizing this conference, so she's quite busy recently.
琳達要負責籌辦這場會議,所以她最近很忙。


4fad      1:42
fad 為「一時的流行、時尚」之意,指短暫流行的風潮,過一段時間就會消失了的人事物。
The 499 NTD phone plan with unlimited data is the latest fad in Taiwan; there are long lines outside the telecom companies in every city.
現在台灣最夯的風潮就是某電信公司 499 吃到飽方案,全台各地的電信公司外都有排隊人潮。


*同場加映:
「林書豪:最後的選擇」- The Last Pick : Jeremy Lin


5mannerism    2:27
mannerism 是「怪僻;習慣性動作」的意思,通常是指當事人自己不會意識到的習慣性動作或特殊僻好。
He has this mannerism of constantly sniffling with grunting noises; it's especially irritating during quiet tests.
他會習慣性的吸鼻子,發出噪音,在安靜的考場中顯得更煩人。


*同場加映:
【TED】Jenna McCarthy:你所不知道的婚姻 (What you don't know about marriage | Jenna McCarthy)


看完影片有沒有對解離性人格障礙 (D.I.D.) 更加了解呢?小 V 看完影片,對於人格分裂的腦中世界覺得很不可思議,但還是無法下定決心去看前陣子很紅的《分裂》啊!你們有喜歡的關於人格分裂的電影嗎?快留言分享給我們吧!

文/ Kate Chang

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