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The famous linguist Stephen Krashen published a book called Free voluntary reading.
And he claims that reading for pleasure in a foreign language may be
one of the single most effective things that you can do in that language to learn the language better.
But it's not gonna be effective if you don't do it in the right way.
So in this video I'm gonna give you four steps that will allow you to take books that you actually want to read.
Read them in your foreign language and make this an effective way to build vocabulary and learn your language.
This channel is all about helping you learn how to learn languages in a way that's fast, fun and easy.
And I think that reading in a foreign language is definitely gonna make learning languages easier and way more fun.
So the first thing you need to do, if you're gonna use books as an effective tool for learning languages,
is you need to find the right book for you.
That means you're gonna have to find books that are enjoyable to read.
Here I have 'The Game of Thrones' in Spanish which I read because I like 'The Game of Thrones'.
Maybe you like non-fiction books so I bought 'The four hour work week' in Spanish.
We also need to find books that allow us to use comprehensible input,
which means that you should be able to understand about seventy five to eighty percent of what you're reading but not everything.
Cause if you already understand everything you're reading, it's not gonna help you learn that much.
If you're a brand, brand new beginner to your language,
you might want to pick up some children's books because the vocabulary is super easy.
It's not difficult at all to understand that this says one fish two fish red fish blue fish.
There is a gradient of children's books.
This is The Little Prince, which is originally in French, but you can get this in any language,
and I highly recommend it because even though it's for children and it uses very basic vocabulary,
it's actually really deep and adults can enjoy it a lot as well.
I also suggest graphic novels because they give you pictures,
and you'll never be lost as long as you can follow the pictures
and it's a great way for being able to follow along and learn in a foreign language.
A few weeks ago I talked about using plays or any kind of theater
because they use very short phrases and you always know exactly who's speaking
and you can watch that video I posted a few weeks ago.
I'm not gonna go into detail here, but plays are a great way.
And more than anything else, the best kind of book that you can read are books that you're already familiar with.
Here I have Harry Potter in French, Greek, and Spanish because these are all languages that I'm learning,
and I loved the Harry Potter books growing up, so I already know what's going on.
And I can really understand from context, or just from memory what's happening,
even if I don't understand every single word, and that's a big help for comprehension,
and for building vocabulary.
And another important thing to remember is that shorter books are usually better.
You'll be more motivated when you see yourself progressing really quickly through the book.
And then you can go back and read it again, or you can move on to the next one,
and this is a big motivating factor.
And the last step in finding the book that's right for you is where you're gonna get it.
I find Ebay to be the best place for getting used books because they're really cheap.
I usually use Wikipedia to find the name of that book in the foreign language.
Then I go to Ebay and find the book.
And they can get shipped right to your door.
And you can't always go to the book store and find the book that you're looking for in the foreign language unless you live in that country,
but on Ebay you can get pretty much any book in any language.
The second step in using books to learn a foreign language is
you're just going to start reading purely for enjoyment, just because you like reading.
And because it's a story that's interesting to you.
Then you're going to get yourself a colored highlighter.
And every time you run into a word during the story that you don't understand,
you're gonna highlight that word.
It's very important that you do not stop to look up the meaning of that word.
All you're going to do is highlight it.
That way you can come back later to look up the definition,
but you're not gonna stop and take the time to do it while you're reading.
You don't want to break the flow of your reading.
And this is a really important exercise
that's gonna help you be comfortable with not understanding 100% of what you read.
I mean you have to get comfortable with that because you're not always gonna understand everything.
And try to just highlight one or two words per page maximum,
and preferably one word every two to three pages.
You don't want to underline or highlight every single word you don't understand.
That's gonna take too long, and you're gonna get overwhelmed.
Once you finish reading through the book one time just for enjoyment,
we're gonna make a dictionary that is specific to you and to the book that you're reading.
You're gonna get an index card, and then you're gonna make a glossary
that you tape right to the front of the book
so that it's always there for you to reference every time you read the book from now on.
So to do this, you're just gonna flip through the book,
you're gonna find every word that you've highlighted.
Then you're gonna go to wordreference.com or whatever website or app
that is you prefer to use for translating words.
You're gonna look up the highlighted words
and then you're just gonna write them on the index card along with their definition.
Then you just tape it right to the front of the book,
and you'll always have this here as a reference every time you read through the book from now on.
And the final step for learning a new language with books is you're just gonna repeat steps two and three.
But, this time you have a quick reference to go to
Every time you run into a word you're not familiar with.
And every time you get to a new word,
you're gonna remember that this is a word you're trying to memorize.
Now, don't go immediately to the dictionary that you taped to the cover of the book.
What you're gonna do is use this as a sort of mini quiz that you can use to test yourself
and see if you can remember that word.
These few seconds where you're actually exerting yourself, trying to remember the meaning,
it's proven that this short period of time is actually very beneficial in helping you remember that word in the future.
So you're gonna take a minute and try to remember the word and if you absolutely can't,
then you flip to the beginning of the book, and that's when you look at your dictionary.
And of course, as you read through the second time, you're gonna get yourself a different color highlighter,
and when you're done with the book, you're gonna make yourself a second dictionary that you'll also tape to the cover.
Read through this book three or four times,
and you should be able to understand every single word in the entire book.
And if you think about it, this book took me several months to read,
and there's a lot of words in here.
And I'm able to understand all of them now because I use this method.
So thanks a ton for watching my video.
If you have any questions, comments, concerns, or any suggestions for the other language learners on this channel,
please feel free to leave me a comment below.
Otherwise, be sure to like and subscribe, and thanks for watching my video.
We'll see you guys next monday.
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簡單四步驟,用最愛的小說學習語言! (4 steps to learning a language with books)

15120 分類 收藏
April Lu 發佈於 2018 年 6 月 16 日    April Lu 翻譯    Evangeline 審核

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想學英文或是其他語言,卻不知道該怎麼開始嗎?覺得課本太枯燥,新聞報紙又太難,找不到喜歡的教材嗎?何不試試讀一本喜歡的小說?人在做自己有興趣的事時,學習效率會比平常更高唷!

1non-fiction1:02
fiction 指的是「虛構、編造」的意思,通常在文學中指的是虛構情節的小說,而 non-fiction 便是「非小說類文學作品」。而 fiction 這個字加上 science,就是我們常看到的 sci-fi,也就是科幻電影的意思。
I prefer non-fiction to fiction.
我喜歡散文類的作品,不喜歡小說類的。


*同場加映:
【實用技巧】5 種方法來提高閱讀速度 (5 Ways to Improve Your Reading Speed That ACTUALLY Work - College Info Geek)


2comprehensible1:09
comprehensible 是 comprehend 「理解、領會」加上 -able 詞尾所形成的形容詞,意思是「可理解的」,影片中這句話提到 comprehensible input,是指「可理解輸入」,也就是我們可以理解、學習,並且輸入腦海中的意思。
Your Chinese is concise, fluent, and comprehensible.
你的中文簡潔、流利,是可理解的。


*同場加映:
口說小技巧:重音怎麼唸超重要 (English Language Learning Tips - Speaking Test)


3gradient1:36
這個單字在物理學中是「梯度;斜度」的意思,或是道路的坡度。但它其實有個很常見的用法,就是我們常說的「漸層」,漸層色就像是顏色沿著光譜的坡度漸漸變化而成的,因此有了這樣的意思。
When the sun went down, I saw a beautiful gradient in the sky.
日落時,天空出現美麗的漸層。


*同場加映:
滑板 (HOW TO BACKSIDE 180 THE EASIEST WAY TURORIAL!)


4glossary4:46
glossary 是「詞彙表;術語表」的意思,在影片中作者建議我們將不會的生詞單字寫成一個表格,以利記憶;或是某些專業科目書籍也會附上術語表,讓讀者能夠理解,像這樣的表格就是 glossary。
Most the terms in this list are explained in the glossary at the end of this book.
表中的大多數術語在本書最後所附的「名詞彙編」中均有說明。


*同場加映:
【Investors Trading Academy】什麼是資產泡沫?


5exert oneself2:29
exert 有「用力;盡力」還有「行使;發揮作用」的意思,在影片中,exert oneself 的意思是盡力、努力,後面可以加上不定詞 to V,表示某個人非常努力地做某件事。
She always exerts herself to protect the environment.
她總是致力於環境保護。


*同場加映:
別再懶洋洋!專家教你簡單 4 步,擺脫懶惰蟲!(How To Overcome Laziness In 4 Steps)


看完影片後,小 V 也好想去買一本法文小王子來看喔!希望這個方法能夠幫助大家日後順利學習新的語言!

文 / Stephanie Hsu

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  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔