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Our planet may be more connected than ever, but loneliness has doubled in America since
the 80’s with more than 40% of adults saying they are lonely.
So should you be worried if you feel the same?
Can loneliness...kill you?
Loneliness is a psychological mechanism designed to motivate you to seek out social interactions,
but it’s highly subjective.
If you feel lonely, then you are lonely.
And it doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a loner or have no friends, it just means
that the social interactions that are necessary to you are not being met.
We often think of loneliness as something that affects the elderly, but a recent study
found that young people aged 16-24 felt lonely more than any other group of adults.
In one painful study, scientists found that being lonely made cold symptoms worse.
Hundreds of healthy people completed a loneliness scale test and then were given nasal drops
containing the common cold virus - blegh!
At this point, these poor sick induced participants were quarantined in hotel rooms for 5 days
and those who reported being more lonely prior to the test also reported more significant
cold symptoms.
Have you ever noticed that food tastes better when you’re hungry?
Scientists have actually seen the same phenomenon with loneliness.
When hooked up to fMRI machines and shown either an image of a loved one or a stranger,
those who tested higher on the UCLA Loneliness Scale showed a bigger response in the reward
system of the brain when shown a picture of a loved one, while those who were not very
lonely had a similar response between the loved one and stranger.
This helps us see that it’s not that lonely individuals lack close relationships, but
rather, that they long for greater social interaction.
Chronic loneliness can also change your body on a cellular level.
Research has found that lonely people have 209 different gene expressions in some of
their white blood cells, including increased activity of pro-inflammatory transcription factor.
Now, inflammation is an important response to injury, but chronic inflammation wreaks
havoc on your body.
As a result, we see that poor social relationships show a 29% increase in coronary heart disease
and 32% increase of a stroke.
Overall, people with strong social relationships have a 50% increased likelihood of survival overall
that means they are much less likely to die over the same period of time, making
loneliness as deadly of a risk factor as smoking 15 cigarettes a day, lack of exercise, or obesity!
So yes, loneliness can increase your chance of death.
And the increased number of lonely people may be related to shifts in our culture; global
capitalism and its focus on the individual has changed our ability to access social connection.
If you’re feeling lonely, know that you’re - well - not alone.
It isn’t usually a reflection of your likability.
One small step you can make today to feel more connected?
Try to make more intentional eye contact, whether with those you know, or even a passerby on the street.
Studies have found that eye contact is a gesture that makes both parties involved feel more
in touch with humankind.
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真的有可能寂寞到死掉嗎?(Can Loneliness Kill You?)

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Evangeline 發佈於 2018 年 9 月 10 日   gahui yu 翻譯   Rachel Kung 審核

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孤單邊緣難受想哭,是不是覺得小 V 講到你的心坎裡了呢?一個人過節、一個人開包廂唱歌、一個人逛街、一個人跨年,究竟一個人寂寞久了會不會寂寞到死掉?小 V 聽了覺得有些擔心呀,來看看寂寞對一個人帶來的各種影響吧!

1quarantine0:57
quarantine 一詞可代表「 (動物或人的) 隔離、施行檢疫」,常用於涉及醫療、病情控管的情境下。
Passengers have to be quarantined once they arrive at the airport.
乘客一抵達機場就必須接受檢疫。


quarantine 也可用作名詞,意思是「隔離期、檢疫所、為了控制疫情而執行的交通/行動管制」。
The boy was put under quarantine due to tuberculosis.
那位男孩因為肺結核受到隔離。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】自然驚奇解密:植物的自我防衛機制 (The amazing ways plants defend themselves - Valentin Hammoudi)


2long for1:34
此 long 非彼 long,這個 long 不代表「長」,而是指動詞的「渴望」,long for 就是「渴望某物」的意思,同樣意思的片語還有 crave for 和 eager for。
I desperately long for water after running for 10 kilometers.
我跑了十公里之後無比渴望喝水。

The crying infant is craving his mother's hug.
哭泣的嬰兒渴望他媽媽的懷抱。


*同場加映:
壞習慣!到底要如何完全戒掉?! (How to Break Bad Habits)


3havoc1:55
havoc 意指「災難、大混亂、浩劫、破壞」,常見的搭配動詞有 wreak (引發、造成、導致) 、 play 和 cause 。havoc 的同義詞有 chaos、disarrangement、disorder。
In 2009, Typhoon Morakot wreaked havoc in Taiwan, causing a serious flood and hundreds of casualties.
在 2009 年,莫拉克颱風給台灣帶來大災難,導致一場嚴重的水災以及數百人傷亡。


*同場加映:
【超噁心科學】為什麼會曬傷? (What Really Causes Sunburns?)


4access2:35
access 作為名詞時,意思是「途徑、通道、(電腦) 存取、使用權限」,動詞意思則是「取得」。
You're not one of the members of this company, so you don't have access to its database.
你不是這間公司的一員,所以你沒有權限進入它的資料庫。

This ID card can provide you access to the backstage of the theater.
這張身份證件可以提供你權限去到劇場後台。

Since she is no longer a student of the university, she couldn't access its email system anymore.
因為她不再是這所大學的學生了,她再也沒辦法進入到學校電子信箱系統。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】簡單兩步驟!開發深度賞析文學作品的能力 (Mining literature for deeper meanings - Amy E. Harter)


原來長期感到寂寞會對身體帶來那麼多不好的影響!不過一個人寂寞不寂寞,還是要看他的主觀感受。也就是說,邊緣也可以邊緣得怡然自得 (?) 小 V 祝福大家不論單身一人還是被人群簇擁,心裡都能不寂寞、不難過!

文/ April Lu

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