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Hey there and welcome to Life Noggin.
Science is awesome.
We know this.
It can help explain what's going on when you come across new things in life.
One of these new things you might encounter is having a drink of an adult beverage.
It can make you feel different than you have before, and if you drink enough, you can get
drunk.
I brought my good friend Hannah Hart from My Drunk Kitchen to help explain.
So Hannah, so what happens to you and your body when you get drunk?
Hannah: Well obviously make sure to wait until the
legal age of wherever you live to actually have a drink yourself!
We should start off with what happens when you first start to drink.
Early on, as you're having a glass of wine or a bottle of beer, the alcohol in whatever
you're drinking will make its way on down to your stomach.
Once it's here, the alcohol will quickly get absorbed into your bloodstream, and then
it can be transmitted through your body.
But the main place that actually breaks down or metabolizes alcohol in your body is your
liver.
Your body does this because, while some people like the way alcohol makes them feel, alcohol
is actually pretty poisonous to you.
When your liver encounters alcohol enzymes known as alcohol dehydrogenase, or ADH, and
aldehyde dehydrogenase, or ALDH, it will metabolize the alcohol.
These enzymes break down alcohol and convert   it into something called acetaldehyde.
This can then be metabolized into a less active byproduct known as acetate, which can be broken
down even further into things like water and carbon dioxide so that you can easily eliminate
this stuff from your body.
So how do you start to get drunk?
Well, this happens when you drink more alcohol than your liver can process.
Your body can only metabolize a certain amount of alcohol at a time, and it's usually not
a lot.
This amount can vary depending on a number of different factors, from liver size and
body mass, to what ADH and ALDH enzymes you have, which research has shown to vary among
different people.
When you drink more alcohol than your liver can process at a time, you start to get drunk
as your blood-alcohol level rises.
At first, this may make you feel good.
You might feel a sense of euphoria and other stimulating effects as more dopamine is released
within you.
But at a certain point, things will often take a turn.
You might become more clumsy and not react to things as fast as you would normally would.
Your vision could also get blurry.
Since your body is trying to do all it can to rid itself of the alcohol, it's also
likely you'll need to pee.
A LOT.
Getting drunk can also lower your inhibitions and alter the way you think, so you might
make choices you wouldn't have made if you were sober.
And that can make for some pretty interesting stories...that I will not get into because
we don't have the time.
Now, when talking about getting drunk, people often want to know if there are ways to cure
or prevent hangovers.
While some things may make you feel better, there doesn't seem to be much scientific
evidence that a true cure exists.
According to a study published in the British Medical Journal, researchers weeded down nearly
300 potential relevant articles on hangover cures to a total of only 8 that had randomised
controlled trials and that met their inclusion criteria.
In their research, they found no compelling evidence that suggests that there is anything
that’s actually effective for treating or preventing a hangover.
In the end, it seems more about treating the symptoms of a hangover rather than being able
to cure it all together.
Hey, if you’re old enough, where were you when you had your first drink?
Let us know in the comment below!
Thank you so much to Hannah for being in this video!
Her series "My Drunk Kitchen" is hilarious, and ya know, there is some education in there.
Make sure you go subscribe right now if you haven't already, and tell her Blocko sent you!
As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking.
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喝醉過程中,身體到底發生了什麼事?(What Actually Happens When You Get Drunk? ft. Hannah Hart)

12154 分類 收藏
Evangeline 發佈於 2018 年 9 月 25 日    Jenny 翻譯    Evangeline 審核

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你愛喝酒嗎?相信大家都知道酒精對人體的影響不小,那你知道為什麼會發酒瘋嗎?還有為何酒會讓心情愉悅呢?這些答案都藏在影片裡,跟著小 V 一起來找找吧!

1encounter 0:11
encounter (v.) 指「不期而遇」。
Some people are lucky enough to encounter their soulmates in their lifetime.
有些夠幸運的人可以在此生遇見靈魂伴侶。


encounter 也有「遭遇某事物」的意思,負面意味居多。
Tony is overwhelmed because he encounters many obstacles in his new job.
托尼被新工作上遭遇的各種困難壓得喘不過氣。


*同場加映:
外國人研究中國字 2 (Part 2A- Traditional Chinese Teaching Methodology)


2absorb0:43
absorb (v.) 「吸收」的意思,可以指營養吸收,或是對事物、想法等的理解。
Jim found it hard to absorb so much information in a short period of time.
吉姆覺得在短時間內吸收如此多的訊息是很困難的。


3convert 1:11
convert (v.) 「(使) 轉換、轉變」之意,除了指改變實質上的事物,也可指改變信仰、生活態度等。另外,使用電腦轉換檔案格式時常常會用到這個字。
Please convert the PowerPoint file to pdf format.
請把 ppt 簡報轉成 pdf 格式。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】蟲蟲如何幫地球減少垃圾?! (Vermicomposting: How Worms Can Reduce Our Waste - Matthew Ross)


4weed down2:52
weed (v.) 指「除雜草」。
weed down 或是 weed out 都是「淘汰、清除」之意。
The aim of the exam is to weed out the weaker candidates.
這個考試的目的是為了淘汰較不適合的人選。


weed (n.) 除了指「雜草」,俚語上也表示「大麻」的意思 (=marijuana, pot, cannabis),英文歌常常會把 weed 當作這個意思,像是《Young, Wild & Free》這首歌一樣。

*同場加映:
大麻的 12 件有趣知識 (Weed: 12 Interesting Facts You Should Know)


5compelling3:05
compelling (adj.) 指理由、證據等「很有說服力」,或是故事、電影等「(魅力) 難以抗拒」,同義詞有 convincing 和 persuasive。
No compelling evidence was found to prove his innocence.
沒有找到確鑿的證據可以證明他的清白。

I quite enjoy the movie since the plot is so compelling.
我還蠻享受這部電影的,因為劇情很扣人心弦啊!


你是喝一杯就倒的人嗎?還是千杯不醉呢?不管酒後的狀況如何,酒精的攝取都要適量唷!

文/ Liang-Chun Chen

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