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It's kind of nuts that you go to sleep each night with no clue what you're going to experience in your dreams.
You could fly, talk to ghosts, or end up back in high school with a big exam coming up.
Dreams are so strange and mysterious that scientists have been exploring them for ages,
and some of the facts they've uncovered are even weirder than the ones you already know.
Blind nightmares
Blind people have a mixed bag when it comes to their dreams.
According to National Geographic, researchers asked 50 people, half of whom were blind,
to record their dreams for four weeks in a Danish study.
On one hand, many previously sighted blind people can see again in their dreams.
On the other hand, blind people have more nightmares.
While only 7 percent of the sighted participants reported nightmares, 25 percent of the blind ones did.
Their nightmares included things like losing their guide dogs or being hit by cars.
The researchers guessed that nightmares could be a form of "rehearsal" for real life and
that blind people need more rehearsal because they experience more danger on a daily basis.
Dream Control
Research has shown that you can actually learn to control your dreams.
According to Deirdre Barrett, a Harvard-based sleep researcher, if you want to stimulate a dream in which you solve a problem,
think about it before you go to sleep and try to create an image of the problem in your mind.
It's even better if you can use an actual visual.
For example, if you're trying to write a song, put your guitar next to your bed.
Or if you want to solve a problem involving a certain person in your dream,
look at a photo of them before you go to sleep.
"Sometimes dreams make breakthroughs,
and there are a lot of anecdotes about famous examples of major creativity or major scientific problem solving."
Not only can you control what you dream about, you can also control what you do in your dreams,
in a trippy process called lucid dreaming.
There are a bunch of different ways to induce lucid dreams,
one of which is called reality testing, according to a researcher from Stanford.
Part of reality testing is asking yourself throughout the day if you're dreaming,
and then looking for clues that you're awake.
Looking for clues while you're awake today will help you become aware that you're dreaming tonight.
Helping you learn
Do you ever indulge yourself and take a nap in the middle of the day?
If so, you now have a good excuse for dozing off at your desk.
Dreaming actually helps you learn.
In a study by researchers from Harvard Medical School,
99 participants played a video game in which they navigated through a virtual maze.
Afterward, half of them napped for two hours, while the other participants stayed awake.
Then they all did the maze again.
The participants who reported dreaming about the maze improved their performance over six
times more than the people who didn't sleep or who didn't dream about the maze.
Acting out dreams
Did you know that your muscles nearly become paralyzed when you sleep so you don't act
out your dreams?
If that freaks you out, try this on for size: people whose muscles don't stop them from
acting out their dreams are far more likely to develop neurological disorders like dementia
and Parkinson's later in life.
In a rare condition called REM behavior disorder, people carry out the actions from their dreams
while they're still asleep.
Take, for example, Mike Birbiglia, a comedian who writes about living with the disorder,
who dreamed that a missile was headed for his hotel room.
He jumped out his second-floor hotel room window, both in the dream and in real life.
According to Time magazine, researchers at the University of Montreal studied almost
100 adults who had been diagnosed with REM behavior disorder.
They found that people with the disorder are 18 percent more likely to develop a neurodegenerative
disease five years after their diagnosis.
Babies don't dream
Have you ever looked at an adorable baby sleeping and wondered what they were dreaming about?
It turns out, they don't dream at all.
David Foulkes, author of Children's Dreaming and the Development of Consciousness, believes
that babies spend their REM sleep building pathways in their brains and later developing
language skills.
With all this brain development going on, there wouldn't be much brain-power left to
also create dreams.
Children don't actually dream until they're 4 or 5 years old, when they develop the capacity
to visualize imaginary things.
Even then, the dreams they report lack characters, memories, and emotions.
It's not until they're 7 or 8 and they have a sense of identity that kids' dreams start
to include plotlines.
The stronger their self-concept is, the more vivid and structured their dreams become.
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你意想不到的冷知識:做夢 (The Most Bizarre Facts About Your Dreams)

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羅世康 發佈於 2018 年 10 月 6 日    gahui yu 翻譯    Evangeline 審核


其實我們每個人都會做夢,差別只在夢醒之後還會不會記得夢的內容。小 V 就有幾個印象很深刻的夢境,好多個都是出國玩的,醒來之後才發現在床上,就會覺得莫名失落哈哈哈哈!來看看這支影片,更加認識夢境吧!

anecdote 意思是「趣聞軼事」,指的就是那些不為人所知、不被刊載的有趣消息。這個字可以被拆解為:an (anti- ,否定含義) + ec (相當於出口 exit 中的字首 ex- ,意思就是 out,出去) + dote (do- 為印歐語系字根中的「給」),組合起來直翻意思就是「沒有給出來」,那也就是「沒有公佈的」軼事啦!
There're many anecdotes about the duke who disappeared mysteriously 30 years ago. Some said that he had went to the mountains to be a hermit, while others said that he had been eaten by a dragon.

【TED】你按過的讚所透漏的訊息比你所想像的還多太多了 (Jennifer Golbeck: The curly fry conundrum: Why social media "likes" say more than you might think)

lucid 可以指某地或是某物是「透徹的 (translucent、crystal clear) 、光亮的 (luminous) 」,也可以用來形容某人「神志清醒 (sane) 、清楚明瞭 (clear) 」;它的反義詞有 ambiguous、obscure、indistinct 等等。
The study area in this library is lucid due to the floor to ceiling window.

清明夢的科學 (The Science of Lucid Dreaming)

深陷其中無法自拔~ indulge 的意思有「沉迷、沉溺、縱容、放任」,常見於片語 indulge oneself in (讓自己沉溺於 ...)。
Each time after Helen runs 5 km, she always indulges herself in eating a bag of chocolate, which may be why her weight hasn't dropped but increased.
每次 Helen 跑個五公里之後,都會放任自己吃一包巧克力,那也或許就是為什麼她的體重會不減反增。

indulge 的形容詞形態是 indulgent ,意思是「溺愛的、縱容的、放縱的」,be indulgent with somebody 則是指「溺愛某人」。
Because the child's parents are extremely indulgent with him, he became grumpy and arrogant.

用想的就可以瘦?科學家的奶昔實驗 (A Milkshake Experiment)

paralyze 的意思是「使癱瘓、使麻痺」,名詞時長成 paralysis。這個字源自拉丁文,可以拆為 para- (beside,旁邊) 和 lys- (loosen,鬆開);英式英文拼法是 paralyse,美式的則是 paralyze,至於結尾的 -se、-ze 則是常見的動詞結尾。
Ever since the car accident, Will is paralyzed below the neck.
自從出了車禍,Will 從頸部以下全癱瘓了。

To paralyze a mice is a piece of cake for cobra.

【TED-Ed】你經歷過嗎?恐怖的睡眠癱瘓症! (The terrors of sleep paralysis - Ami Angelowicz)

小 V 記得昨晚夢到了甄嬛和華妃在我面前講話,不過她們是在互相哭訴演戲好累 (?),總之是一個莫名其妙的夢!有時候還會做那種要一直跑來跑去的夢,醒來就覺得好累,根本越睡越累。你們有做過這種很累的夢嗎?想想說不定醒著還精神比較好呢!

文/ April Lu




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